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Psychiatry Ascribes Empty Names to Clusters of Symptoms

first_img(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Schizophrenia doesn’t exist. People exist with various behaviors, but schizophrenia is an empty label, an expert says.Read Medical Xpress for a brief look into the sausage-making behind psychiatric diagnoses. What do the words schizoaffective disorder, psychosis spectrum syndrome, or delusional disorder mean? The very terms seem to give ontological status to something in patients, but nobody knows what those things are, because they vary from person to person. It’s like applying sticky notes to water waves at the beach. The labels don’t stick, they only apply to gross phenomena, and they provide no understanding either of the cause or the cure. What’s more, the labels can actually make things worse by causing family members or friends to look at patients differently.These are some of the warnings in this article. We’ve seen the problems with the DSM-V “Bible” of diagnosis used by psychiatrists (3/20/14, 5/18/12). Now, Professor Jim van Os from Maastricht University Medical Centre is ready to junk the term “schizophrenia” and some others. For illnesses lumped into the word “psychotic,” he says, the symptoms are too complicated to diagnose or treat with one-size-fits-all categories.Currently, psychotic illness is classified among many categories, including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, depression or bipolar disorder with psychotic features, and others, he explains.But categories such as these “do not represent diagnoses of discrete diseases, because these remain unknown; rather, they describe how symptoms can cluster, to allow grouping of patients.”This allows clinicians to say, for example, “You have symptoms of psychosis and mania, and we classify that as schizoaffective disorder.” If your psychotic symptoms disappear we may reclassify it as bipolar disorder. If, on the other hand, your mania symptoms disappear and your psychosis becomes chronic, we may re-diagnose it as schizophrenia.“That is how our classification system works. We don’t know enough to diagnose real diseases, so we use a system of symptom based classification.“Definitions provided in the DSM-V and other manuals often disagree. How precise or helpful is a definition for schizophrenia like “a debilitating neurological disorder”? What psychiatrist really knows what the cause of a cluster of symptoms is, let alone what to do about it? Os notes that “people with this psychosis spectrum syndrome display extreme diversity (heterogeneity), both between and within people, in psychopathology, treatment response, and outcome.”Physician, heal thyself. When you can identify a known physical cause for a known neurological disorder (say, autism or Tourette’s or a concussion), you are a doctor. When you appeal to mystical forces that have names but no scientific rigor, you are acting like a witch doctor. Diagnose yourself first. You are trusting in flawed opinions of people who don’t know everything. Toss out the flawed DSM‘s and go to a Bible-teaching church to learn about the true nature of man from the Creator’s manual of the body and brain.“Mental illness” is a made-up term, like dark matter. It’s a placeholder for ignorance. The only one who understands minds is the Spirit that gave birth to them, the Creator God. If a patient’s brain is perfectly fine, spiritual problems can cause outward symptoms. Repeated choices to tell lies, for instance, can become a hardened habit like any other bad habit that must be overcome consciously with guidance and prayer. Patterns of violent outbursts also require spiritual advice from those who know the Creator’s diagnostic manual, the Bible. Memorization and meditation of appropriate Scriptures can bring healing, sometimes rapidly, sometimes gradually. But telling a patient or his parents that he has schizosophoxymoronia—what good is that? It’s as meaningless as saying he has a bad case of gribbleflix. Patients so labeled receive a latent impression that they are incurable, or that they have an excuse for bad behavior. Give them hope. Take them to the Great Physician. He’s on the prayer line 24 x 7.The Scriptures are filled with comfort and advice for “soul” (psyche) health. Some examples:Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things. The things you have learned and received and heard and seen in me, practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you. (Philippians 4:8-9)“Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. For My yoke is easy and My burden is light.” (Jesus, in Matthew 11:28-30)No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it. (I Corinthians 10:13)The law of the Lord is perfect, restoring the soul;The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.The precepts of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart;The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes.The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever;The judgments of the Lord are true; they are righteous altogether.They are more desirable than gold, yes, than much fine gold;Sweeter also than honey and the drippings of the honeycomb.Moreover, by them Your servant is warned;In keeping them there is great reward.Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.Also keep back Your servant from presumptuous sins;Let them not rule over me;Then I will be blameless,And I shall be acquitted of great transgression.Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heartBe acceptable in Your sight,O Lord, my rock and my Redeemer. (Psalm 19:7-14)Those who love your law have great peace, and nothing causes them to stumble (Psalm 119:165, and the whole psalm).The book of Proverbs is another rich resource for enriching mental and spiritual health.Many cases of so-called “mental illness” are caused by sin, like bitterness, anxiety, anger, selfishness, ungratefulness, guilt and pride. The Bible is filled solutions to these root causes! It doesn’t attach empty labels to clusters of symptoms, but identifies the root problem and the cure. Repentance from sin and faith in Christ, who paid the penalty for everyone’s sins and rose from the dead, is the open door to the Great Physician’s office. The narrow doorway requires dropping one’s baggage and coming sincerely by faith. It leads the suffering sinner to forgiveness and a life of hope and healing. “Burdens are lifted at Calvary,” one hymn says. The hope of eternal life in Christ’s resurrection is a “living hope” that puts the sufferings of this life in context. “Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand; and we exult in hope of the glory of God” (Romans 5:1-2). Peace? Hope? Joy? There’s mental health by definition!Exercise: For those who know their Bibles, how would you assist someone with the following problems? Think of specific Scriptures that would apply. Find out if the person is trusting in Christ before offering help on lesser things.Post-traumatic stress disorderPersistent nightmaresGullibilityBad language habitDefensiveness, lashing back at criticismLazinessFear of trying something new or differentHanging around with bad friendsInsomniaHypochondriaLate habitOverly talkative or overly shyPoor study habitsNegativityClutter habit, or the opposite, extreme orderlinessProlonged grievinglast_img read more

Unity needed to move South Africa forward: Zuma

first_img24 May 2014Humbled but determined to lead the country for another five years, President Jacob Zuma says he will need the backing of a united and cohesive nation to move South Africa forward.Delivering his first address to the nation after being sworn in as President at the Union Buildings in Pretoria on Saturday, Zuma said the new administration would promote nation building programmes to help “rebuild the soul of our nation”.This, he said, was because many South Africans still bore the emotional scars caused by decades of apartheid divisions and hatred.“Therefore, the national healing and reconciliation process has to continue. We will work together to promote unity, understanding and tolerance across race and colour lines, as we build a South Africa that truly belongs to all,” he said after taking the oath of the highest office in the land.He said South Africa was a nation that had produced generations of selfless freedom fighters, who had made untold sacrifices so that everyone could live in a country that was free of racial discrimination and oppression.“Today we wish to acknowledge the contribution of every South African to the process of renewal, reconstruction and development of this country in the past 20 years of freedom. It is through your hard work, that we are able to count so many achievements in only 20 years of freedom.”The President opened his inauguration speech by expressing his gratitude.“I am greatly honoured to stand before you today, to accept the mandate bestowed upon us by millions of our people … I accept this responsibility and privilege with great humility, given the history of our country and where we come from as a nation.”He reminded the nation that this year marked 20 years of freedom and 20 years since Nelson Mandela had taken the same oath in the same amphitheatre – since renamed after Mandela, who died in December last year.Zuma said a lot of progress had been made in the country since democracy, although challenges remained. “We will strive to build a caring society and to be an administration that will serve our people with courtesy, ubuntu and efficiency.”After the formal ceremony at the Nelson Mandela Amphitheatre, Zuma proceeded to the Southern Lawns to greet those who had gathered to witness the occasion.He thanked the more than 20 000-strong crowd for casting their votes during the general elections two weeks ago, and assured them that the government would work hard to deliver on its promises over the next five years.“As government we are determined to do what we have promised to do. This is your government, and we urge everybody to work with us. If we are together, we are stronger to deliver on what we have promised,” he said.Source: SAnews.gov.zalast_img read more

Pak. shelling kills five of J&K family

first_imgFive members of a family were killed and two others injured in mortar shelling by Pakistani troops along the Line of Control (LoC) in the Pir Panchal Valley on Sunday morning. Five soldiers were injured in an exchange of fire.An Army spokesman said in Jammu that the Pakistani Army opened “an unprovoked and indiscriminate firing” from 7.45 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. near the LoC in the Balakote sector of Poonch.“Small arms and 81-mm and 120-mm mortars were used by Pakistan to attack innocent civilians, their homes and livestock. The provocation has resulted in the loss of five precious and innocent civilian lives,” Lt. Col. Devender Anand said.Effective retaliationThe Army said it “retaliated strongly, effectively and proportionately to the dastardly act.”Mohammad Ramzan, 35, his wife Malika Bi, 32, Abdul Rehman, 14, Mohammad Rizwan, 12, and Razaq Ramzan, 7, were killed in a mortar shell explosion near their home in Devta Dhar village. Two other injured members of the family — Mehreen, 6, and Noureen,12, — were airlifted to a Jammu hospital, where their condition was said to be critical.House guttedPoonch Deputy Commissioner Tariq Ahmad Zargar said: “The house was gutted in the shelling.”In the afternoon, five soldiers were wounded in Pakistani shelling at Mendhar in Poonch. The injured soldiers were airlifted to Udhampur for treatment, a police officer said.Mr. Zargar appealed to the people living in vulnerable areas to shift their families to safer places identified by the district administration.“Construction of 40 community bunkers are at a finishing stage here. A process to build individual household bunkers in targeted areas will be started soon for the safety of civilians,” he said.The Pakistani newspaper Dawn reported that nine persons were injured on the other side of the LoC in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.Official data suggest that Jammu and Kashmir witnessed 192 incidents of ceasefire violations by Pakistan this year.“The unusual escalation resulted in a high death toll. The casualties in January 2018 alone equalled the figure for the entire 2017. And 2017 itself was an exceptional year for ceasefire violations, as it saw a six-fold increase from 2015,” said the report released by the BJP leader and former Union Minister, Yashwant Sinha, and his Group of Concerned Citizens.Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti and National Conference working president Omar Abdullah expressed shock over the casualties. “The incident is heart-wrenching. It has caused a wave of shock among the people. Dialogue and reconciliation are the only means of getting the State and the region out of this vicious cycle of blood-spilling,” Ms. Mufti said. Mr. Abdullah demanded adherence to the 2003 ceasefire agreement. “The ceasefire agreement has been restricted to papers. We demand that the pact, extended as a confidence-building measure to the people of Kashmir, be adhered to,” he said.All Parties Hurriyat Conference chairman Mirwaiz Umar Farooq said he was “saddened and distressed” by the deaths. “Such tragic situations can easily be avoided if India and Pakistan realise the futility of hostility and adopt a realistic and humanistic approach.”last_img read more

15 days agoMan Utd to bid for £130M-rated Leicester duo Maddison and Chilwell

first_imgMan Utd to bid for £130M-rated Leicester duo Maddison and Chilwellby Paul Vegas15 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester United are planning to bid for £130m-rated Leicester City duo James Maddison and Ben Chilwell.The Sun says United have sent scouts to watch the Foxes pair during their recent matches against Tottenham and Liverpool.It is understood the Old Trafford chief was impressed with Maddison and Chilwell during their 1-0 home win over Leicester earlier this campaign.A United source said: “We have already compiled a scouting report of both of them. We have been watching them for a few years now.“They fit all the right requirements and criteria in terms of quality and keeping an English core which is important.“Ole likes them but it would be difficult to get them both at the same time. We will have to wait and see what happens.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Nebraska Releases Powerful Tribute Video Honoring Sam Foltz

first_imgNebraska Sam Foltz 27 tribute.Nebraska Football/TwitterAfter a week of heartbreak, the Nebraska football community is turning sorrow into pride.Last weekend, the Nebraska Huskers lost Sam Foltz,  their senior punter, in a fatal car crash in Wisconsin. His funeral was yesterday in Grand Island, Neb.Yesterday, the Huskers released a video that highlights the incredible career of the three-year starter, as well as his significant leadership role both on the team and in the local community.“My message today is all about teamwork,” the punter says.Now, the Huskers honor Foltz’s legacy by joining together in memory of their brilliant teammate with this video memorial.You can watch the tribute video here:“My name is Sam Foltz, I’m the starting punter here.My message today is all about teamwork.” pic.twitter.com/Sb885pH3VR— Nebraska Football (@HuskerFBNation) July 30, 2016Unfortunately, the car crash that took Foltz’s life also killed former Michigan State punter Mike Sadler.  LSU kicker Colby Delahoussaye, also in the accident, managed to escape the burning vehicle.Foltz, a Nebraska native, was entering his fifth year in the Huskers program. Named to the Ray Guy Award Watch List earlier this summer, he was expected to be one of the best punters in the country.last_img read more

Billy Price counts on his strength Ohio State football counts on him

OSU redshirt junior guard Billy Price celebrates with coach Urban Meyer after the 2014 national championship victory.Credit: Lantern File PhotoThe last time Ohio State and coach Urban Meyer had three starters to replace on the offensive line, the 2014 Buckeyes experienced excruciating growing pains.Redshirt junior Billy Price was one of those linemates who struggled early on.In his first game against Navy in 2014, Price was taken aback by the speed of the game, which is something he struggled with early in his redshirt freshman season.Price said he vividly remembered when OSU surrendered six sacks in the fourth quarter in an early season loss to Virginia Tech. Lessons from those first two games are being passed on to the new group of “Slobs” in 2016.“One of the biggest things when I played Virginia Tech is things start flying so fast, and if you can’t get control of the chaos and situation early, one thing leads to another,” Price said. “I’ve been there, and the biggest thing is stay calm.”None of the national champion offensive line members improved more from game one to game 15 than Price. He earned a second-team freshman All-America honors in 2014. To follow that up, he started all 13 games last season at right guard rather than left guard, being named third-team all-Big Ten.At season’s end, Price still saw plenty of room for improvement.Offensive line coach Greg Studrawa has been working with Price since the spring on pass-blocking technique and playing to the offensive scheme. The third-year starter from Austintown-Fitch High School in Ohio, said that one subtle change in his technique has made the world of difference and has made him a more confident player.Already listed at 6-foot-4, 315 pounds, Price said that it’s nice at times for him to rely on his strength against tough opponents.On Sunday, the team took a vote on who should join captains along with redshirt junior quarterback J.T. Barrett, junior linebacker Raekwon McMillan and redshirt senior center Pat Elflein as the face of the program. The rest of the Buckeyes made it clear that they believe they can rely on Price’s strength and leadership.Price who was one of four players selected as a team captain to represent the Scarlet and Gray.“Huge honor,” Price said. “You’re a part of a legacy here at Ohio State to be a captain. There are very few captains and to be a part of that is just an honor.”Price has started 28 games for OSU in his career.He and Elflein are the only two members remaining from an offensive line that led the way for 264.4 rushing yards per game in 2014 and 245.2 per game in 2015. Those two will be counted on by Meyer and staff to lead a young batch of Buckeyes back to being the brawn of the offense.Though Price is a poster boy for the Buckeyes, he said that there shouldn’t be any doubt who is the true leader of the offensive line.“First and foremost, this is Pat (Elflein)’s offensive line,” Price said. “I don’t want there to ever be a question about that.”True freshman Michael Jordan will likely be stepping into Price’s role from 2014 as a first-year eligible starter on the offensive line. Price has spoken to Jordan on multiple occasions, telling him to take care of school and control the speed of the game. While Elflein was recovering from minor shoulder surgery, he counted on his right-hand man to mentor Jordan and other freshmen inside the unit and develop a camaraderie that was present on the 2014 offense.“I haven’t been in here all summer, so he has kind of taken that role when I’m not in there,” Elflein said. “There’s not a problem having two leaders on the offensive line.” read more

Beckham predicts World Cup finalists

first_imgDavid Beckham is backing both England and Argentina to reach the final of the World Cup at RussiaThe closest the Three Lions have come to winning the World Cup since their 1966 triumph on home soil came in 1990, where they lost to West Germany in a penalty shoot-out in Italy at the semi-final stage.While Argentina have not won the tournament in 32 years and came narrowly close to ending that wait in the 2014 World Cup, where they lost 1-0 to champions Germany in the final.“I think obviously my choice would be England to win the competition, but that’s me being biased and passionate about my country,” said Beckham, according to the BBC.Jadon Sancho, Borussia DortmundCrouch: Liverpool could beat Man United to Jadon Sancho Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Peter Crouch wouldn’t be surprised to see Jadon Sancho end up at Liverpool one day instead of his long-term pursuers Manchester United.The former Real Madrid midfielder is pleased to see England get off to a promising start in their campaign after they defeated Tunisia 2-1 in their opening game of Group G.“I’m very happy that we won the first game in the group,” added Beckham.“England is a very young team, they don’t have a lot of experience yet and the journey of the World Cup will become harder and harder because there are many good teams in the tournament.”last_img read more

Aulas suggests other big clubs are interested in Fekir

first_imgLyon president Jean-Michel Aulas says Real Madrid are not the only big club that is interested in signing Nabil Fekir.The 24-year-old France attacker who was jubilant over coming close to signing a deal with Liverpool before the World Cup began, had the move crashed when Lyon declared they had pulled out of a proposed deal.Fakir’s agent, though, has since indicated a transfer could yet be completed, while new Real Madrid head coach Julen Lopetegui is reportedly interested in taking him to the Santiago Bernabeu.Speaking to RT France via FourFourTwo via Fou, Aulas said: “It was expected, at some point, that he could leave for Liverpool.divock origi, liverpoolReport: Origi cause Klopp injury concerns George Patchias – September 14, 2019 Divock Origi injury in today’s game against Newcastle is a cause for concern for Jurgen Klopp.Perhaps with one eye on Tuesday’s trip to Italy…“I gave the green light, but things did not happen because they took too long.“Nabil is an exceptional player. The fact that things did not come to fruition with Liverpool aroused the interest of many clubs, not just Real Madrid and their new coach.“Everything is possible. My goal is to make him stay. I hope he will stay, but if he absolutely wants to leave, we will try to find the biggest club in terms of efficiency and size.”Fekir has come off the bench in France’s two World Cup games so far and will be hoping to start their final Group C game against Denmark on Tuesday.last_img read more

Aston Villa confirms signing of Atletico Madrid goalkeeper

first_imgAston Villa have completed the signing of Atletico Madrid goalkeeper Andre Moreira on a season-long loan deal.Moreira has become the latest Aston Villa signing of the summer after the club was rocked with financial challenges. Moreira who has represented Portugal at under-21 level.The 22-year-old hasn’t made any La Liga appearance yet since joining Atleti in 2014. He, however, has had loan spells with Moreirense, Uniao da Madeira, Belenenses and Braga. ICYMI: Love Island might be over but we’re delighted to announce that a new boy has entered the Villa…#AVFC pic.twitter.com/I2rwt6RnDK— Aston Villa FC (@AVFCOfficial) August 1, 2018Aston Villa explains why they spent so much money on players Manuel R. Medina – September 6, 2019 According to Aston Villa’s chief executive, the team needed to spend £144.5 million on 12 players in order to stay competitive.“I am very excited. It’s such a big opportunity at such a big club.“It’s the perfect opportunity at the right moment. It’s a big move for me.“Aston Villa is a great football club – a famous football club.“The training facilities are great. I know the stadium is famous and historic. I just can’t wait to get started now,” he told the club website.According to BBC, Villa has secured new investment from billionaire businessmen Wes Edens and Nassef Sawiris, who have reportedly shortlisted super-agent Jorge Mendes to assist in their recruitment.last_img read more

Agent Buffon just as important to PSG as Neymar

first_imgThe agent of Gianluigi Buffon insists that he is considered to be just as important as Neymar at Paris Saint-GermainThe legendary Italian goalkeeper opted to continue his playing career at PSG for at least another two seasons after leaving Juventus in June.And things got off to a bright start for Buffon in this newest chapter of his career by winning the Trophee des Champions at the weekend in his first ever competitive match for PSG after they thrashed AS Monaco 4-0 at Shenzhen in China.“Starting well is always a good thing in football. Anything can happen, but PSG are a great club for him,” Silvano Martina told RMC Sport, via Football-Italia.“They’re a very good team and they deserved to win the cup, which is always good for your CV.“I went for a coffee with him once and he told me he was happy to retire, before adding that he could’ve done well at another big club for a couple more years.”PSG, Neymar, Ligue 1PSG ultras sent a warning letter to Neymar Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Brazilian superstar Neymar might play today his first game of the season for Paris Saint-Germain and the team’s ultras have warned him.After 17 years at Juventus, Buffon made the surprise decision to play his club football outside of Italy for the first time in his career at the age of 40.“How did PSG come about? I have a friend there, I sent him a message and he told me to go there right away,” said Martina.“For them, it was as important a deal as that for Neymar. Buffon felt the desire of the French club to have him in their team and he’s very fired up.“It’s as if he’s 10 years younger. They offered a two-year contract, while he only wanted to sign for a year: this proves their honesty. PSG had already wanted him in 2009.”Buffon will get his first taste of Ligue 1 this Sunday in PSG’s first game of the league campaign against Caen at the Parc Des Princes.last_img read more