Stories are posted on the APRN news page. You can subscribe to APRN’s newsfeeds via email, podcast and RSS. Follow us on Facebook at alaskapublic.org and on Twitter @aprnDownload Audio:Federal Court Striks Down Gay Marriage Ban in Idaho, NevadaAnnie Feidt, APRN – AnchorageThe 9th circuit court of appeals struck down gay marriage bans in Idaho and Nevada today. The federal court also has jurisdiction over Alaska, where five same sex couples are suing to overturn the state’s ban on same sex marriage.Arctic Summit Tackles A Diverse Spread of IssuesMatthew Smith, KNOM – NomeThe Institute of the North is in Nome this week for the fourth-annual Week of the Arctic—bringing together policy makers and local shareholders to discuss short- and long-term goals for America’s presence in the far north.Kuskokwim River May Meet Chinook Escapement GoalBen Matheson, KYUK – BethelUnprecedented closures kept fishermen this summer from targeting king salmon in an effort to bring more fish to spawning grounds after several poor runs. The drainage-wide results showing how well the management worked are now beginning arrive, and the state says the Kuskokwim may have achieved its critical Chinook escapement goal.In New Ad, Begich Embraces His Vote on ObamacareLiz Ruskin, APRN – Washington, D.C.For those who want to unseat U.S. Sen. Mark Begich, one strategy has prevailed from the start: Bind him to President Obama and the Affordable Care Act. A new ad from Republican challenger Dan Sullivan is typical of that approach.Southeast Ballot Issues Cover Taxes, Infrastructure and MoreEd Schoenfeld, CoastAlaska – JuneauCommunities across Alaska are voting in municipal elections today. They are electing city council and assembly members and weighing in on local ballot measures.‘Blood Moon’ Forecast Strong in Alaska TonightTim Ellis, KUAC – FairbanksPeople here in Alaska and in much of this part of the Northern Hemisphere will get a chance tonight to see a total lunar eclipse, weather permitting.At UAA, New Trees Sprout Alongside New ConstructionAshley Snyder, APRN – AnchorageOver a dozen people gathered at the Alaska Airlines Center on Friday with shovels, wheelbarrows and small potted trees in tow. All were on a mission and none were afraid to get their hands dirty. Their goal? To plant 300 trees to take the place of some that were cut down during the many construction projects on the University of Alaska Anchorage campus.National Geographic Photographer Paul Nicklen Talks On Arctic EnvironmentsLori Townsend, APRN – AnchorageNational Geographic photographer Paul Nicklen has traveled to some of the most remote regions of the globe to document the effects of climate change. He has plunged into icy water and floated on sea ice to photograph sea mammals that rarely encounter humans. This week he travels to Anchorage to share stories of documenting the Arctic.
A 1,000-year-old runestone was found in Sweden in October 2018 during renovation of a stone wall outside of a church north of Uppsala. Runes are the oldest existing original works of writing in Scandinavia. “We found it when the wall was broken down and put back together,” Robin Lucas, archaeologist at the Uppland Museum, told The Local. “It’s from the classic runestone-erecting period of the 11th century.”Runes can be found all over Scandinavia, especially in Sweden’s Uppland province. They are stones carved with runic inscriptions dating from anywhere from the Bronze Age to the 20th century. But most of Sweden’s runestones date from the end of the Viking Age, or the 11th century AD.The Lingsberg Runestone, Sweden, known as U 240. Photo by Berig CC BY 2.5Runestones were primarily memorials to dead relatives or friends. But they should not be confused with grave markers.The Local said four runes can be seen on the discovered stone – “an ua” – but most of the inscriptions are missing from the fragment. Neither word is complete, but can potentially be read as “… he was…” or “… he has become”.This runestone stands out as unusual because it was made of limestone.The runes IKURA, or Ingvar, on runestone“Runestones made of limestone are very rare in Uppland. Usually, granite dominates. In areas with a lot of limestone, such as Gotland and Öland, it is more common. But limestone does exist in Uppland in small pockets, so it may very well be from around here,” said Lucas.Only one piece of runestone made of limestone has so far been found in the area, also at Lena Church many years ago. Archaeologists believe the two fragments come from the same stone.The first fragment, which has been tentatively dated to the late 11th or early 12th century, reads: “… Åsbjörn and… land. May God deceive those who failed him.”Uppland, Sweden“That is a curious formulation,” said Lucas in an interview. “Most runestones are from Christian origin, just like these ones. They usually say things like ‘praise the Lord,’ so it is quite uncommon to use a stone like that to ask for vengeance.”According to the Swedish National Heritage Board, there are about 7,000 runic inscriptions in the world, of which half are Viking Age runestones.Sometimes the runic inscription is read from left to right, sometimes from right to left.The Stranger at the DoorThe poem Hávamál, presented as a single poem in the Codex Regius, says that Odin discovered runes when he hung himself from the world tree Yggdrasil in order to learn wisdom.He hung on the tree for nine nights and days. Just as he was about to die, he discovered the runes, grabbed them, and earned his life.A more down-to-earth explanation is that the runes were inspired by the Latin alphabet.Codex Regius and Flateyjarbók (open).According to Real Scandinavia, many runestones remain where they were apparently originally placed, although others have been moved to new locations.There is even a runestone set in the foundation of a house at the intersection of Kåkbrinken and Prästgatan in Stockholm’s Old Town, the stone having been reused as building material in an age when its archaeological value was less appreciated than today.Rök Runestone. Photo by Bengt Olof ÅRADSSON CC By 1.0The longest known runic inscription (nearly 800 characters) is found on Rökstenen (the Rök Stone) in Östergötland. Raised in the 9th century A.D., Rökstenen’s text begins: “In memory of Vämod stand these runes / But Varin wrote them, in memory of his dead son….”Runes continued to appear in many places, from church doors to everyday objects, through the Middle Ages and even beyond in places such as Gotland and Dalarna.Read another story from us: Huge 1,000-yr-old Viking Ship Grave Found in NorwaySome people believe runes also served a magical or divining purpose. Tacitus thought that when Germanic people took auspices, they read signs through the use of runes.