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Lucara Diamonds Corporation (LUC.bw) 2014 Annual Report

first_imgLucara Diamonds Corporation (LUC.bw) listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange under the Mining sector has released it’s 2014 annual report.For more information about Lucara Diamonds Corporation (LUC.bw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Lucara Diamonds Corporation (LUC.bw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Lucara Diamonds Corporation (LUC.bw)  2014 annual report.Company ProfileLucara Diamond Corporation is a diamond exploration and mining company which operates in southern Africa. Its principal asset is the wholly-owned Karowe Mine in Botswana where Lesidi La Rona was found; the world’s second largest gem-quality diamond. Karowe Mine consistently produces large Type IIA stones and has an estimated worth of $US2.2 billion unmined diamonds. Lucara Diamond Corporation also has interests in the Mothae Diamond Project in Lesotho and the Kavango Diamond Project in Namibia. The company was previously known as Bannockburn Resources Limited, but the name was changed to Lucara Diamond Corporation in 2007. Lucara Diamond Corporation is a member of the Lundin Group of Companies with its head office based in Vancouver, Canada.last_img read more

Proplastics Limited (PROL.zw) HY2017 Interim Report

first_imgProplastics Limited (PROL.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Industrial holding sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the half year.For more information about Proplastics Limited (PROL.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Proplastics Limited (PROL.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Proplastics Limited (PROL.zw)  2017 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileProplastics Limited manufactures and markets plastic pipes and fittings, specialising in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), low-density polyethylene (LDPE) pipes and related fittings. The pipes and fittings are manufactured for various applications in irrigation, water and sewer reticulation, mining, telecommunications and building construction. Proflo is responsible for the supply of PVC pressure pipes and fittings, and polyethylene pipes and fittings, which includes injection molded fittings, fabricated fittings and ball valves. Prodrain supplies sewer pipes and fittings, soil vent and waste pipes and fittings, borehole casings, electrical conducts and cable ducting and gutter systems for rain water. Proplastics Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Forget your State Pension worries! I’d buy UK shares in a Stocks and Shares ISA to retire rich

first_img Image source: Getty Images “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Buying UK shares in a Stocks and Shares ISA could be a sound means of overcoming State Pension worries. While the stock market could experience further volatility in the short run, its long-term growth potential appears to be high.Therefore, it could eventually provide a nest egg from which a passive income is drawn. This may supplement your State Pension and allow you to enjoy greater financial freedom in older age.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…A disappointing State PensionBuying UK shares in a Stocks and Shares ISA may become increasingly worthwhile over the coming years. The cost of coronavirus may mean that the generous pace at which the State Pension has risen in the past could change. Or it may mean that the age at which it starts being paid continues to rise.Even if neither of those two scenarios materialises, the State Pension is unlikely to provide a sufficient passive income for most people in retirement. It currently stands at just £9,100 per year. That’s around a third of the average UK salary. As such, it may be important for you to invest money on a regular basis to build a retirement nest egg that can provide a supplementary income in older age.Buying UK shares in a Stocks and Shares ISAA simple means of improving your retirement prospects is to open a Stocks and Shares ISA. It can be done online in just a few minutes. It also costs a very small amount of money to manage each year, which means it is accessible to a wide range of people with different levels of income. An ISA offers tax advantages versus other products, and withdrawals can be made at any time without penalty. This is a key differentiator versus a SIPP or workplace pension, where withdrawals are restricted.Once opened, buying UK shares in your ISA could be a profitable move. Their past performance shows that they have generally offered greater returns over the long run than other mainstream assets such as cash and bonds. With many of them now trading on low valuations following the stock market crash, they could deliver relatively high returns in the coming years as the economic outlook improves.Reducing risks within your ISAOf course, managing risk within your Stocks and Shares ISA is important. It can reduce losses, and improve your long-term return prospects.For example, buying financially-sound businesses may mean that your portfolio is better protected against an uncertain economic outlook. Similarly, buying a diverse range of UK shares may further lower risks and reduce your reliance on a small number of businesses for returns. Over time, this could improve your retirement prospects and help you to overcome what continues to be a disappointing State Pension. Enter Your Email Address Peter Stephens | Sunday, 4th October, 2020 Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Forget your State Pension worries! I’d buy UK shares in a Stocks and Shares ISA to retire rich I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. See all posts by Peter Stephenslast_img read more

Five things we learnt: England’s performance dissected

first_img Shoulder to shoulder: England will have to dig deep to exit Pool A LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS By Adam HathawayMake your mind upWe have been here before with Chris Robshaw. Three years ago, the England captain was embroiled in a ‘kick or not to kick’ row and he was at it again on Saturday night against Wales at Twickenham. Against Australia, in 2012, Robshaw turned down three kickable penalties and England lost 20-14 and, a week later, against South Africa he asked Owen Farrell to kick a penalty with two minutes on the clock when going for a try looked a better option. That 16-15 defeat is still haunting England because it ensured they slipped out of the top four in the world rankings, just before the draw for this World Cup was made and they were handed their dog’s dinner of a group.Wrong call: Chris Robshaw’s kick for the corner didn’t come offFive minutes after the Wales game, Robshaw would have bitten your hand off for a draw against Wales which makes you wonder why he did not take the three points on offer late in the match.Clive Woodward, yes him again, used to want his players to Think Correctly Under Pressure, T-CUP as he called it. Robshaw had a brain freeze on Saturday, he can’t afford any more.Don’t be a tinker man.If the England captain had a bit of a wobble in the top two inches at Twickenham, then what about the coach? With 69 minutes gone Stuart Lancaster’s team were seven points up and had won the game more than once. So the boss shoves on George Ford, takes off Sam Burgess and shunts Owen Farrell to centre.Tinkering: Stuart Lancaster’s selection of replacements is open to scrutinyThere are only three things wrong with this. If you are going to put Ford on then he should have had more than 11 minutes of action, or else don’t bother. Farrell was playing better at 10 than he has for England for a long, long time and Burgess had done everything he had been told to do ie. keep Jamie Roberts quiet. The game should have been in the bag and England let it slip. Substitutes are supposed to add to the team but this one scuppered it. Just because someone is on the bench it does not mean you have to get them on.Are England the new chokers of world rugby? TAGS: Highlight Are England the new chokers of world rugby? Every single big, nearly-everything-on-the-line match they have had over the past four years they have fluffed their lines. From the Grand Slam collapse in Cardiff in 2013 to Saturday’sgame at Twickenham they have come off second best. Ireland in Dublin this year, Wales at home in 2012 are amongst the others where Lancaster’s team have been runners-up and if it carries on this weekend against Australia they will be back at their clubs in time for the start of the Premiership.Chokers: England have blown pressure games in recents seasonsIt used to be New Zealand who blew the big games – in the 1995, 1999, 2003 and 2007 World Cups – and in cricket it was the South African side who have a habit of chucking away winning positions. Stuart Lancaster needs to get rid of the tag starting on Saturday or else it will suffocate their World Cup.England’s breakdown is brokenReferees during this World Cup have been told to pay special attention to players getting their hands, on the ground, in front of the ball at the breakdown. I wonder if anyone bothered to tell Dan Cole, who should be particularly frustrated after giving away a penalty for that offence in the first half of Saturday’s game at Twickenham. Elsewhere, England were pretty much second best at the breakdown against Wales and the two-six-and-a-halves against a genuine number seven (or two when Justin Tipuric came off the bench) shows no sign of abating. England might not have a genuine ball-snaffler but giving away cheap points in that area is a quick way to the World Cup exit door.Breakdown problems: England have discipline issues with Dan Cole penalisedAs Stuart Lancaster said: “We’ve talked a lot about discipline, and breakdown penalties, and we gave some dumb ones away which kept them in the game.” It is about time the England team listened when the boss talks or else the party will be going on without them in a couple of weeks.Farrell the icemanThere has been some comment that Owen Farrell was in the England starting line-up because his dad, Andy, happens to be one of the selectors. Stuart Lancaster always maintains he has the final call anyway, but don’t forget that Farrell was benched during the autumn internationals when one of the selectors was…er, his dad, Andy. Chris Robshaw’s decision making, Owen Farrell’s mental strength, Stuart Lancaster’s tinkering and England’s issues at the breakdown are discussed The iceman: Owen Farrell proved he should in the side on meritThe fly-half proved that was garbage, and he should be in the side on merit, at the weekend with his all-round game and he also kicked five penalties, a conversion and a drop goal without missing the sticks once. Farrell is one Ian McGeechan’s beloved ‘Test Match Animals’ who gets the job done, whatever the circumstances. If he is not starting on Saturday then the England selectors really have lost the plot although don’t bet against him starting at number 12.For the latest Rugby World subscription offers, click herelast_img read more

Farmworker Association sending a message on May Day

first_img Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Immigrants and workers march in Apopka for dignity, respect, and rightsFrom The Farmworker Association of FloridaHundreds of Central Floridians will take to the streets to participate in a march and rally on Monday to stand against hateful rhetoric that promotes racism and discrimination. Farmworkers, students, families, laborers, business owners, and other hard-working contributing Floridians will rise up in resistance to demonstrate the power, resilience, and strength of immigrants and workers in communities in Central Florida in solidarity with actions around the state and around the country on May 1st – International Workers Day.Event DetailsWhat: March and Rally for Immigrant and Worker RightsWhen: Monday, May 1st, 2017 from 2 pm – 6 pmWhere: Apopka, FL at Kit Land Nelson Park, 10 S Forest AvenueOrganized by: The Farmworker Association of Florida, Hope CommUnity Center, and Mi Familia Vota“Most of Florida’s agriculture industry and rural economy is sustained by the work and contributions of farmworkers and their families,” says Tirso Moreno, General Coordinator of the Farmworker Association of Florida. “On May Day we are sending a message loud and clear to all local elected leaders and to the American public inviting them to value farmworker and immigrant communities.”Other organizations participating include: Central Florida Jobs with Justice, Farmworker Self-Help, Young American Dreamers, Youth and Young Adult Network of the National Farm Worker Ministry, Organize Florida, and the Florida Immigrant CoalitionFor questions and comments, contact the Farmworker Association of Florida at 407-886-5151 or at [email protected] Please enter your comment! TAGSFlorida Farmworkers Association Previous articleAnuvia Plant Nutrients receives national award for sustainability innovationNext articleDiabetes and Sleep Apnea: What You Need to Know Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR The Anatomy of Fear Please enter your name here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitterlast_img read more

Residency laws changed as ‘Project Players’ may be a thing of the past

first_imgWednesday May 10, 2017 Residency laws changed as ‘Project Players’ may be a thing of the past Yesterday’s Rugby World Cup Pool Draw in Japan slightly overshadowed the big news that World Rugby has changed the laws regarding players’ eligibility for other countries. The ruling changes from 3 years to 5 years, however, this only takes effect in 2020. In recent years we have seen a huge number of players leave their country of upbringing to pick up lucrative contracts in the UK, Ireland and Europe. Those sometimes lead to playing Test rugby for those adopted nations.A host of players have qualified to play for countries based on just three years of residency. Now, the law is set to change to 5 years, which makes what is sometimes known as ‘project players’ more of a challenging thing to put in place.“Designed to promote and protect the integrity and sanctity of international rugby in the modern elite environment, reform of Regulation 8 follows a root-and-branch review with Council members unanimously approving the recommended increase in the required residency period to be eligible for international rugby from 36 to 60 months.”The reformed Regulation 8 ensures that a player has a genuine, close, credible and established link with the nation of representation, and the key amendments are: •    The 36-month residency requirement is increased to 60 months with effect from 31 December, 2020 (unanimously approved)•    The addition of a residency criteria which permits players who have 10 years of cumulative residency to be eligible (effective May 10, 2017) (unanimously approved)•    Unions may no longer nominate their U20s team as their next senior national representative team (effective 1 January, 2018) (majority)•    Sevens players will only be captured for the purposes of Regulation 8 where the player has represented either of (i) the senior national representative sevens team of a union where the player has reached the age of 20 on or before the date of participation; or (ii) the national representative sevens team of a union in the Olympic Games or Rugby World Cup Sevens, having reached the age of majority on or before the date of participation in such tournament (effective 1 July, 2017) (majority)“National team representation is the reward for devoting your career, your rugby life, to your nation and these amendments will ensure that the international arena is full of players devoted to their nation, who got there on merit,” said Agustin Pichot.The likes of the Pacific Islanders and South Africa will surely benefit from this, as both nations have lost players overseas in recent years, with some going on to play Test rugby and even represent the British and Irish Lions.The new initiative will come into force when the global calendar is restructured in 2020.ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Related Articles 81 WEEKS AGO scottish prop saves fire victim 84 WEEKS AGO New Rugby X tournament insane 112 WEEKS AGO Vunipola stands by his comments supporting… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsGranny Stuns Doctors by Removing Her Wrinkles with This Inexpensive TipSmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

Lopez Island Residence / David Vandervort Architects

first_imgArchDaily “COPY” United States Save this picture!© Michael Shopenn Photography+ 14 Share Lopez Island Residence / David Vandervort Architects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/139950/lopez-island-residence-david-vandervort-architects Clipboard “COPY” Projects Area:  1800 ft² Photographscenter_img Photographs:  Michael Shopenn PhotographyText description provided by the architects. This 1,800 sqf home is located on a heavily wooded, medium-bank waterfront property on Lopez Island, Washington. The house is carefully sited amidst the existing trees and the existing land form which slopes up to the bank and view. Connections to the outdoors and other features of the property informed the arrangement of space and form. The angle of the living wing corresponds to the bank and creates an embraced outdoor deck area. The house reaches out to the southeast path to the beach, to the gardens further to the east and most importantly to the west and northwest views of the water. Save this picture!© Michael Shopenn PhotographyRecommended ProductsWindowsVEKAWindows – SOFTLINE 82 ADWindowsFAKRORoof Windows – FPP-V preSelect MAXWindowsStudcoSteel Window Reveal – EzyRevealWoodBruagBalcony BalustradesThe structure comprises the main house with an isolated upper level master and the studio which houses his and hers art spaces. The studio is connected to the house via an arcade, which also serves as the main approach to the house. There are Asian influences to the house, particularly in the entry process – including a Tibetan prayer wheel in a special niche. The house forms are simple, derived from the site relationships and the desire to maximize daylight. The materials are honest and enlivening – hard vs. soft, warm vs. cool. It is a home designed for modern island living.Save this picture!© Michael Shopenn PhotographyProject gallerySee allShow lessRecreational Center / Olgga ArchitectsArticlesNational Library of Austria Extension / PrechteckArticles Share CopyAbout this officeDavid Vandervort ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesSan JuanHousesUnited StatesPublished on June 05, 2011Cite: “Lopez Island Residence / David Vandervort Architects” 05 Jun 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodPanel Façade SystemCompositesMitrexPhotovoltaic Solar Cladding – BIPV CladdingMetal PanelsAurubisMill Finished Copper: Nordic StandardDoorsRaynorThermal Sectional Doors – FlexFamily™SinksBradley Corporation USASinks with WashBar Technology – Verge LVQ SeriesExterior DeckingLunawoodThermowood DeckingStonesCosentinoNon-slip Treatment – Dekton® Grip +Metal PanelsSherwin-Williams Coil CoatingsValflon® Coating in Edmonton Public LibraryWallcovering / CladdingLinvisibileLinvisibile Boiserie and Skirting Systems | OrizzonteMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMMineral Paint in Beethoven HausWall / Ceiling LightsEureka LightingCeiling Recessed Lights – OutlineFurnitureFrapontWood Furniture and EquipmentMore products »Read commentsSave想阅读文章的中文版本吗?Lopez Island Residence / David Vandervort Architects是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream CopyHouses•San Juan, United States Lopez Island Residence / David Vandervort ArchitectsSave this projectSaveLopez Island Residence / David Vandervort Architects Architects: David Vandervort Architects Area Area of this architecture project Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/139950/lopez-island-residence-david-vandervort-architects Clipboardlast_img read more

Vilsack Provides Update on Farm Bill Implementation

first_imgHome Indiana Agriculture News Vilsack Provides Update on Farm Bill Implementation Vilsack Provides Update on Farm Bill Implementation Facebook Twitter SHARE SHARE USDA is now accepting applications to create web-based tools to help provide producers information on the ARC and PLC programs – along with the protection program for dairy and non-insured crop disaster assistance program. Visit USDA dot gov slash farm bill (www.usda.gov/farmbill) for updates on the implementation process. Previous articleStudies Provide Different Perspective on Nitrogen ApplicationsNext articleGetting Indiana Soybeans Planted Important for Hoosier Economy Gary Truitt Facebook Twitter Source: NAFB News service By Gary Truitt – May 7, 2014 The President signed the 2014 Farm Bill into law on February 7th,  and since then, the U.S. Department of Agriculture has made progress throughout all farm bill titles – according to Ag Secretary Tom Vilsack. The new farm bill supports critical economic development in rural America, Vilsack says,  which is why implementation is a priority for USDA. On April 15h – USDA announced disaster relief through the Livestock Indemnity Program and Livestock Forage Disaster Program. In 2008 – it took more than a year to set up disaster assistance programs – but this year – it took less than 10 weeks. As of May 1st – Vilsack says approximately 33,000 applications have been received and 16.3-million dollars in payments have been distributed.last_img read more

Reporters in Greece must be protected from attack by anti-migrant residents

first_img Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns the attacks in recent days by residents of the Greek island of Lesbos against journalists covering migrants arriving from Turkey, and calls on the Greek and European authorities to protect the journalists and prevent these serious press freedom violations. Greece’s new guidelines for policing protests threaten press freedom GreeceEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsInternational bodies ImpunityFreedom of expressionViolence April 29, 2021 Find out more March 4, 2020 Reporters in Greece must be protected from attack by anti-migrant residents News News to go further Follow the news on Greece Greece is ranked 65th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2019 World Press Freedom Index. These attacks were preceded by three others. The German news magazine Der Spiegel’s local correspondent, Giorgos Christides, was threatened, harassed and chased while in a car. After German freelance photographer Michael Trammer sustained a serious head injury and his cameras were thrown in the sea, he announced on Twitter that he no longer felt safe and would prefer to leave the island. And Raphael Knipping, a freelance photographer who was present during the attack on Trammer, was himself subjected to kicks and blows with his tripod. The leading targets of the violence are members of international migrant defence organizations, who are accused of facilitating new migrant arrivals. After the Greek government announced that construction was beginning on new migrant reception centres on five Aegean islands to replace the existing, overcrowded ones, residents opposed to this plan clashed violently with riot police.It is against this backdrop that journalists covering the clashes have themselves been targeted. Such attacks are far from unprecedented in Greece, where reporters covering migrant issues are often attacked by radical groups. February 2, 2021 Find out more The Greek police must show journalists can trust it with their protection after one was murdered and another is threatened Help by sharing this information News GreeceEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsInternational bodies ImpunityFreedom of expressionViolence Organisation “Despite Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis’s promise to stop the violence, the situation on the ground is degenerating day by day,” RSF editor-in-chief Pauline Adès-Mevel said. “The Greek and European authorities must take immediate and effective action against this outbreak of violence by residents, and must guarantee journalists’ safety so that they can cover these important events. These attacks must be condemned and punished.” Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU June 2, 2021 Find out more A group of residents – who were masked, dressed in black and armed with sticks  – threw stones at the car of German journalists Julian Bush et Franziska Grillmeier on the evening of 2 March, while Quentin Warlop, a reporter for Belgian public broadcaster RTBF, was roughed up. The situation is just as bad in the Evros region, along the land border between Greece and Turkey, where the Greek authorities have blocked the entry of around 10,000 migrants in the space of 24 hours. CNN Greece stringer Kostas Pliakos says residents hit him and stole his mobile phone. Lesbos / AFP Receive email alerts RSF_en Newslast_img read more

Court of Appeals upholds jail sentence for two journalists who protected their sources

first_img Help by sharing this information NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say United StatesAmericas RSF_en June 7, 2021 Find out more News Richard Lugar (R-Indiana) introduced a similar bill to the Senate on February 9. April 28, 2021 Find out more News February 16, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Court of Appeals upholds jail sentence for two journalists who protected their sources Follow the news on United States Receive email alertscenter_img to go further On February 15, a Federal Court of Appeal confirmed that Matthew Cooper of Time magazine and Judith Miller of The New York Times had been sentenced to jail. Reporters Without Borders condemns this latest step in court cases challenging source confidentiality-the cornerstone of press freedom. Reporters Without Borders voiced deep concern over the Washington D.C. circuit’s U.S. Court of Appeals’ decision today to uphold a jail sentence for journalists Matthew Cooper of Time magazine and Judith Miller of the New York Times, found in contempt of court for refusing to disclose their sources. Since the two journalists’ lawyer has filed an appeal, enforcement of the ruling has been suspended. Floyd Abrams said he would ask the full appeals court to reverse Tuesday’s ruling.”With this decision, the challenge raised by the US federal courts against the principle of the confidentiality of sources has reached unprecedented proportions,” Reporters Without Borders stated, noting that about 10 journalists are now being prosecuted for protecting their sources. Are we about to reach a point where-in a country founded on the First Amendment-journalists will be imprisoned for having defended one of the basic principles of freedom of the press? the organization asked.”The right of Americans to be informed will be seriously eroded if these journalists lose this battle being waged against them by the courts,” the organization stressed. “The role of the press in providing checks and balances is under fire this time, and the US courts must understand that, if the confidentiality of journalists’ sources is not guaranteed, no one will go to them with sensitive information.”Reiterating its support for the journalists involved, Reporters Without Borders pointed out that they are media professionals, not federal investigators. “By protecting the identity of their sources, they are safeguarding society’s right to monitor public affairs,” the organization said.Source confidentiality is “an inviolable principle,” Reporters Without Borders continued. “It is astonishing to see that this principle is better recognized today in 31 States-and in Washington D.C., where it is protected by ‘shield laws’-than at the federal level. We urge members of the American Congress to immediately examine these bills on source confidentiality recently introduced to the Senate and House of Representatives by elected Republicans and Democrats.First amendment threatenedOn February 15, the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit rendered its verdict, upholding the prison sentence pronounced against Matthew Cooper, of Time magazine, and Judith Miller, of the New York Times, also tried for “contempt of court.”The two journalists were charged with having refused to disclose their sources to a grand jury set up to investigate the leaks that led to the identity of a CIA agent, Valerie Plame, being revealed in the press. Since deliberately revealing an intelligence agent’s name can be considered an act of treason, a grand jury investigation led by Special Prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald was initiated in December 2003 to investigate the source. The White House was suspected of leaking Plame’s name to punish her husband, former ambassador Joseph Wilson, for publicly contradicting claims made by President Bush to justify invading Iraq.The aim of the jail sentence, pronounced in early October by Federal Judge Thomas F. Hogan, was to force Cooper and Miller to name their sources. Implementation of the ruling has been once again suspended while they appeal to the Supreme Court. Claiming that the First Amendment of the Constitution does not protect source confidentiality, Federal Judge Thomas F. Hogan sentenced Miller and Cooper to prison on October 7 and 13, respectively. In a July 20 ruling regarding Cooper, he referred to a 1972 Supreme Court ruling (Branzburg v. Hayes), which stated that journalists must reveal their sources if required by a judicial investigation.During the appeals hearing on December 8, their lawyer (invoking jurisprudence and the First Amendment of the Constitution), asked that the court recognize the journalists’ absolute privilege to refuse to reveal their sources. The prosecution, however, based its findings on a ruling in 1972 by the Supreme Court (Branzburg v. Hayes), asked that the journalists be permitted to benefit only from a “qualified privilege,” which did not exonerate them from revealing their sources when their testimony might prove essential in criminal cases. Two other journalists have been cited for questioning about their sources in this case: Tim Russert of NBC and Walter Pincus of the Washington Post. Robert Novak, who was the first to publish Plame’s name, on July 14, 2003, has always refused to say if he has been questioned about his sources.Miller looked into the Plame case but ended up not writing any story about it. Cooper wrote in Time (July 17, 2003) that government officials had leaked Plame’s identity. He was given an initial jail sentence in early August, which was lifted after his source waived their confidentiality agreement and thereby allowed him to be questioned by the grand jury. But on September 14, he was cited again for questioning with regard to his other sources in this case.Other pending cases:Jim Taricani of Rhode Island’s WJAR-TV 10 was sentenced to six months of home confinement on December 9, 2004. He refused to disclose to the court the name of the person who gave him a videotape made in the course of an FBI undercover investigation. He was sentenced despite the fact that the source identified himself on November 26.Five journalists who had covered the case of Wen Ho Lee-a scientist initially accused of spying and later cleared-were sentenced by a Washington federal judge on August 18 to pay fines of $500 per day until they agree to reveal their sources. In a case which Lee had brought against the Justice and Energy departments, the judge ruled that he had a right to know which official leaked the information that led to the news reports mentioning that he was suspected of spying.Journalist Vanessa Leggett was jailed for nearly six months in July 2001 for contempt of court after refusing to reveal to a Texas court the content of an interview with the prime suspect in a crime.”Federal Shield Law” bills under consideration:On February 2 this year, two members of the House of Representatives, Mike Pence (R-Indiana) and Rick Boucher (D-Virginia) introduced a bill called “The Free Flow of Information Act,” which guarantees journalists absolute privilege from being compelled to reveal their confidential sources. The bill provides that courts must exhaust all efforts to obtain the desired information from alternative sources before they may compel a journalist to reveal his or her confidential sources. The act also provides qualified privilege for notes, e-mails, negatives and journalists’ documents to which Federal courts may have access only if such evidence turns out to be essential in criminal cases. Rick Boucher stated that he had realized the necessity of a “Federal Shield Law” to protect the public’s right to know after a series of cases involving source confidentiality were publicized over the last several months. “Many sources are worried that journalists will be unable to keep their promise of confidentiality after spending six months or a year in prison.” Facebook’s Oversight Board is just a stopgap, regulation urgently needed, RSF says News Organisation June 3, 2021 Find out more News WhatsApp blocks accounts of at least seven Gaza Strip journalists United StatesAmericas last_img read more