There is an enormous amount of data on Southern Ocean (SO) zooplankton, mostly on their distribution with a minority addressing rate processes. This review aims to summarise these data and show where it resides, to assist SO food-web modellers or those with limited specialist knowledge of SO zooplankton. First, a brief overview is provided of the diversity and basic biology of SO zooplankton, with an emphasis on abundance, distribution and feeding. Second, advice is provided on the uses, strengths and limitations of zooplankton data as inputs to SO data compilations or food-web models. Copepods overall comprise >75% of the SO zooplankton biomass (excluding Euphausia superba). Total mesozooplankton biomass density differs little between the Antarctic sectors, but latitudinally it is maximal in the Polar Frontal Zone and declines to the north and south. Those compiling data on numerical density (no. m–2 or no. m–3) need to allow for differences in the extent of identification of early larval stages. Likewise, the time of year, depth of sampling and mesh size of sampler greatly influence the recorded abundance, since the populations can make seasonal vertical migrations and their pulsed reproduction causes great seasonal changes in size structure and abundance. Other issues are specific to polar environments, for example, lipid storage which leads to significantly different length-mass and mass-rate relationships than are reported in global literature compilations. Likewise, stenothermy (narrow temperature tolerance) means that fixed (Q10-type) temperature relationships based on global literature compilations must be applied with great caution in SO-specific studies. Protozoa/micrometazoa (<200 μm) are the main grazers in the SO, since mesozooplankton typically remove <30% of primary production. This emphasises the dominant role of microbial food chains involving small metazoans, relative to the classic short diatom-krill-whale type food chains. Even within regions of abundant krill, copepod production in summer roughly triples that of postlarval E. superba. This fact reflects a large flow of energy through multiple trophic levels, via copepods and their major invertebrate predators such as other predatory copepods, chaetognaths, small omnivorous euphausiids, amphipods up to myctophid fish and birds.
The 59th annual Grammys took place in Los Angeles, CA last night, hosting a number of elite artists for both musical performances and the award ceremony proceedings. It was Adele who won big in the main category, taking home Album Of The Year, Record Of The Year, and Song Of The Year for her accomplishments on the 25 album. However, with over 100 awards to hand out, the Grammys did honor musicians from across the board this year.David Bowie was nominated for five awards, and wound up winning all five of them for his work on the near-posthumous release, Blackstar, including Best Rock Performance and Best Rock Song. Snarky Puppy took home their third Grammy win for the Culcha Vulcha, winning the category of Best Contemporary Instrumental Album. In other categories, guitarist John Scofield took home two awards for his latest album release, Country For Old Men.Another artist worth mentioning is Chance The Rapper, who wound up winning Best New Artist for his impressive work in 2016, as well as Best Rap Album for Coloring Book. Chance also had the opportunity to perform at the Grammys, and made it count with a great rendition of “How Great”/”All We Got.” Check it out.Another highlight performance came from A Tribe Called Quest, who welcomed out Anderson .Paak and Busta Rhymes for an all-star hip hop celebration. Check out the video.A Tribe Called Quest perform with Anderson .Paak, Busta Rhymes and Consequence at the #GRAMMYs pic.twitter.com/Kz35sUTEs7— Wolé II (@Kingwole) February 13, 2017Daft Punk also made their live return to the stage, accompanying The Weeknd on a mashup of their new hit singles, “I Feel It Coming” and “Starry.” Check out some of the footage below.The Weeknd x Daft Punk – I Feel It Coming/Starboy Part 1 #GRAMMYs pic.twitter.com/4zOb1sIscu— XO Podcast (@TheXOPodcast) February 13, 2017And no article about the Grammys could be complete without mentioning the Queen herself, Beyoncé. Now pregnant with twins, Beyoncé took home Best Urban Contemporary Album for her work on Lemonade, though some felt she deserved the award for Album Of The Year. She certainly made her case when she performed “Love Drought” and “Sandcastles” at the Grammys, as you can see below.Powerful stuff. You can see the full list of winners by heading here.
May 1, 2005 Regular News Board approves 05-06 budget The figures contemplate a surplus and no fees increase A $32 million 2005-06 Bar budget that projects a near $500,000 surplus and does not raise annual membership fees has been approved by the Bar Board of Governors.The board got its first look at the budget at its April 8 meeting in Tallahassee and unanimously approved it. A complete breakdown of the budget is in an official notice in this News on pages 28-29.The board will consider any objections to the budget at its June 3 meeting, and then submit it to the Supreme Court.“This is a conservative budget with adequate reserves and funding to operate the services that we need to provide to members, the public, and the courts,” said incoming Budget Committee Chair Mayanne Downs.“We gave some special attention to technology needs, mindful that it is necessary for an organization this large to have the adequate backups that staff has told us they need,” she said, adding the Budget Committee also looked at communications needs.She praised the budget preparation process that involved Bar staff and review by Budget Committee members.The budget projects total revenues of almost $32 million for the 2005-06 fiscal year, with expenses of almost $31.5 million.The largest budget item continues to be the regulation of the practice of law, which includes the Bar discipline process, professionalism, and the Bar’s Ethics and Advertising Department. Those operations are budgeted at $13.5 million in the new fiscal year, up from $13.2 million for the 2004-05 fiscal year.Of that $13.5 million, about $10.6 million is for the Bar’s grievance and disciplinary process. That’s up from $10.15 million for 2004-05.Unlicensed practice of law operations are budgeted at almost $1.5 million, with a $50,000 increase.Income from annual membership fees is projected at $20 million, up from $19.5 million for the current fiscal year. (The Bar has already exceeded that amount for the current budget year.)Other major income sources include $5.9 million for the sale of goods and services, including CLE courses, legal publications and the like, and almost $1.9 million from advertising sales, primarily for the News, Journal, and the Journal directory issue.Major expenses include $6.5 million to produce various goods and services, $3.5 million for the Bar’s communications operations, which includes the Public Information Department and Journal and News operations.One interesting note from the budget figures presented to the board is that the beginning fund balance for the 2004-05 fiscal year was $14.5 million and that budget was expected to have a surplus of around $400,000 to $500,000. But the beginning fund balance for 2005-06 is predicted at $16.5 million, which means the current budget year is now projected to produce a surplus of $2 million.In most, but not all, years, the Bar’s conservative fiscal practices produce a larger than expected surplus, or smaller than expected deficit.The new fiscal year begins July 1. Board approves 05-06 budget
Saša Radoš Jagešić lives in Zagreb and for the last two years he has been working as a tourist guide for the area of Zagreb and Zagreb County, for which he has passed a course, ie a license. “On Saturday I move to Pula, Istria is a tourist paradise and with knowledge of English and French and the experience of a tourist guide in Zagreb, I decided to make it my future business career, but this time I do not want to work for an agency but open my own business and become entrepreneur”, Points out Rados Jagesic. Sasa Rados Jagesic (left) Related news: An advisor to the CES regional office in Pula told her that she could not use any rights as an unemployed person, and thus no incentives. As a reason, she stated that by acquiring a license for a tourist guide, all future rights of unemployed persons are automatically lost in accordance with the status of tourist guides as an independent activity. She has been unemployed for some time now, and since her husband received a job offer in Pula, they decided to move from Zagreb to Istria. The job of a tour guide became her lifestyle and proved to be a dream job in which she found herself and decided to dedicate herself exclusively to it. But her problems with opening a business don’t stop there either. “What worries me the most is that now it has started to be said that we will not even be able to open lump-sum trades for tourist guides because a free profession cannot run a lump-sum trade. And I’m already arranging jobs for the season and I’m saying I’m going to issue invoices through trades, so then it would be very inconvenient if I can’t open it”, Points out Rados Jagesic. The competent institutions should react as soon as possible about the evaluation of the status of tourist guides, because it is only a matter of time before we hear a similar story as with Sasa Radoš Jagešić. “A lot of people I talked to, my colleagues, agree that this problem can be completely solved if tourist guides stop being guided by a free profession “, explains Radoš Jagešić. “In fact, this whole story with the return of incentives and unemployment benefits is the most frightening, because in that way they consider three and a half thousand of us liars. They believe that when we entered the records, we all lied that we did not have a company, trade and the like. According to them, we are obviously liars who exploit the state.” As her life path took her to Pula, otherwise her hometown, she decided to become self-employed and open a business there. She made a business plan, enrolled in a guide course for the Pula and Istria area, started collecting all the paperwork for CES incentives for self-employment, but then she ran into a dead end. To make matters more absurd, last year in Zagreb, although she has a license for a tourist guide, she earned unemployment benefits for three months like all other tourist guides in the whole of Croatia, except in Istria, where this is not an individual case but a rule we have already written. Unfortunately, we are again witnessing an absurd complication with tourist guides, and a new example this time comes from Istria, more precisely from Pula. Let’s start from the beginning, the story goes like this. LOUD THINKING / IVA SILLA, SECRET ZAGREB: SO WHILE IT GOES, IT GOES
What’s more, nearly 90 percent of families who own stock do so through a tax-deferred retirement account, meaning they can’t access the money until they reach retirement age, unless they pay a penalty, Wolff said.So who owns most of the stock market? The majority of corporate equities and mutual fund shares are held by investors who are white, college educated and above the age of 54, according to an analysis from the Center for Household Financial Stability at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.The typical middle-class family gets the bulk of its wealth from the housing market. Households in the middle three quintiles of wealth held 61.9 percent of their assets in their principal residence in 2016, according to Wolff’s analysis. That compares to households in the top 1 percent, who held 7.6 percent of their wealth in their homes.Because most consumers accumulate the majority of their wealth through their homes, a rise in property values can provide a more substantial boost to household wealth than a stock market rally, said William Emmons, lead economist at the St. Louis Fed’s Center for Household Financial Stability.Still, the recent revival in the housing market, spurred in part by the Federal Reserve’s interest rate cuts, is not helping all Americans equally. Rising property values benefit homeowners but make it harder for aspiring home buyers to break into the market, said Eugene Steuerle, co-founder of the Tax Policy Center, a joint venture between the Urban Institute and the Brookings Institution.And some people who bought homes immediately before the recession hit may still be trying to recover their losses, Steuerle said. Their wealth may have been wiped out by foreclosure, meaning they then struggled to qualify for a new mortgage during the recovery, he said.That’s in sharp contrast to well-off investors, whose overall wealth surged after the crisis thanks to strong returns on stocks, property and other investments. Some 72 percent of wealth accumulated between the third quarter of 2009 and the third quarter of 2019 went to the richest 10 percent of households, according to an analysis by Oxford Economics. Over that same time period, the poorest 50 percent of households reaped only 2 percent of wealth gains.“There are a lot of families that have not yet recovered from the financial crisis,” Emmons said.Some more evidence that the recent stock market boom is not making everyone feel richer: There has been little evidence of the “wealth effect,” which says that people tend to spend more when stock markets are up, said Lydia Boussour, a senior economist for Oxford Economics.Since the recession, people have mostly continued to increase their savings even as the stock market rose. “Consumers are a lot more cautious,” she said.Topics : Donald Trump loves to trumpet the hot US stock market as a key achievement of his presidency, and he was in full self-congratulatory mode on that front during Tuesday night’s State of the Union address.“All of those millions of people with 401(k)s and pensions are doing far better than they have ever done before with increases of 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 percent and even more,” Trump said in his address to a joint session of Congress.While pensions and retirement funds were lifted by the rise in stock markets, the president has avoided talking about one key point about who really benefits when the market rallies: Most of the gains go to the small portion of Americans who are already rich. That’s because 84 percent of stocks owned by US households are held by the wealthiest 10 percent of Americans, according to an analysis of 2016 Federal Reserve data by Edward Wolff, an economics professor at New York University. So when the stock market has a blockbuster year – such as the nearly 30 percent rise in the S&P 500 benchmark index in 2019 – the payoff primarily goes to people who are already rich.“For most Americans, a stock price increase is pretty immaterial to their well-being,” said Wolff, who published a paper about wealth inequality in the National Bureau of Economic Research in 2017.Roughly half of Americans own some stocks through a brokerage account or a pension or retirement fund. But for most people, the exposure is too small for market gains to be life-changing or leave them feeling much better about their finances, Wolff said. “They’ll see a small increase in their wealth, but it’s not going to be anything to write home about,” he said.US stock boom’s unequal gains. (Reuters/Howard Schneider)
Civil service scheme ABP was 82.8% after inflation, while healthcare pension fund PFZW was 79.7% funded. Metal industry schemes PMT and PME both recorded a coverage ratio of 81.4%.The occupation scheme for dental technicians (Tandtechniek) had the lowest coverage ratio in real terms, with 75.3%. The scheme is set to transfer its pension rights to PFZW on 1 October, with its members incurring a benefit cut of 9.3%.The €10.3bn occupational pension fund for medical consultants (SPMS) had the highest real-terms funding, 172.9%, due to its unconditional indexation of 3% a year.The occupational schemes for midwives and physiotherapists also had a high funding level after inflation due to unconditional indexation policies, despite having a shortfall in nominal terms.The DNB figures also showed that asset management costs rose by 1 basis point to 39bps on average last year.The €238m pension fund of potato starch company Avebe showed the largest drop, from 70bps to 26bps, following its divestment from hedge funds.With 9bps, asset management costs (excluding transaction costs) were the lowest at Detailhandel, the €20.8bn pension fund for the retail sector. Including transaction costs this figure rose to 17bps.Only the small company schemes for Metro, PepsiCo and Sagittarius posted lower combined costs. Funding in real terms of Dutch pension funds improved from 86.4% to 91.9% on average last year, according to De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB).Figures published on the regulator’s website showed that the number of schemes with funding ratio of at least 100% after taking into account inflation rose from 25 to 36 during this period.DNB requires pension funds to draw their calculations for real-terms funding on expected returns for securities of 6.75%.With an after-inflation funding ratio of 93.1%, BpfBouw, the €58bn pension fund for the building sector, was in the best financial shape out of the Netherlands’ five biggest schemes.
Inter chief executive Giuseppe ‘Beppe’ Marotta was the mastermind behind Juventus signing Cristiano Ronaldo and whilst currently focused on other targets such as Dries Mertens and Marash Kumbulla, if Messi decides he wants to leave Barcelona, Inter, armed with the knowledge Marotta has of such ginormous deals, will try and sign him. Messi has a clause in his contract which allows him to free himself this Summer although he cannot use this clause to go to another club in a top five league. Therefore Tuttosport suggest it could take around €100 million to sign him. The situation will very much be similar to that of Ronaldo’s as he pushed to leave Real Madrid and despite being worth more, they settled for a €100 million fee.Advertisement Loading… It would not be impossible for Inter to sign Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi according to a report in today’s print edition of Tuttosport. Inter could offer Messi a net salary of €35 million a year, approximately €66 million gross. They could however take full advantage of the new tax laws on foreigners meaning they would only have to pay tax against €51 million of that gross sum. Messi could chose to adopt the same tax relief method that Ronaldo chose which would be the worse solution for Inter as they would not save as much. Read Also:‘Messi leaving Barca not impossible, could play with Ronaldo’ The report from the Turin newspaper suggests that the total cost of a move for Messi could range between €350-365 million or €86-91 million a year on the basis he signs a four year contract with the club. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Promoted ContentThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For ThemYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeCan Playing Too Many Video Games Hurt Your Body?Who Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?The Highest Paid Football Players In The World2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This YearTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The WorldHere Are The Top 10 Tiniest Mobile Phones On The Planet!7 Of The Wealthiest Universities In The WorldA Guy Turns Gray Walls And Simple Bricks Into Works Of ArtWhat Happens To Your Brain When You Play Too Much Video Games?
Ghebreyesus added: “Most countries arestill in the early stages of their epidemics. And some that were affected earlyin the pandemic are now starting to see a resurgence in cases.” (AFP) The COVID-19 pandemic has killed morethan 180,000 people and infected more than 2.6 million, and nations arestruggling to check its spread with social distancing measures and lockdowns,while trying to repair their virus-ravaged economies. World Health Organization chief TedrosAdhanom Ghebreyesus on Wednesday cautioned that the struggle is far from over. GENEVA – The global coronavirus crisiswill not end any time soon, with many countries still in the early stages ofthe fight, health experts have warned as researchers revealed the first USdeaths from the disease came weeks before the alarm was raised there. “Make no mistake: we have a long way togo. This virus will be with us for a long time,” he stressed. Medical workers get ready for a shift treating coronavirus patients at the Spasokukotsky clinical hospital in Moscow, Russia. AFP
In a recent baseball game, 3 Oakland Athletic rookies hit a home run in their first-ever major league game. To show how rare this is, you have to go back to April of 1914 to find when it had been done before.The 3 rookies who accomplished this feat for the A’s were Matt Olson, Jaycob Brugman, and Franklin Barreto. This led the A’s to a 10-2 win. Oakland has traded almost all of their older players to contending teams in the last month. Nice to see these young players get a chance.
BELLEVILLE, Kan. – Six different builders won or shared regional titles while Belleville Motorsports earned its fifth IMCA Manufacturers’ Cup crown in 2014.The Belleville, Kan., chassis builder had the top point total among the 20 manufacturers entered in this year’s program; points were awarded to 13 different manufacturers based on top 10 drivers (10 points for first, nine points for second, etc.). in each of the five IMCA Xtreme Motor Sports Modified regions. Points from each region were then combined to determine a national manufacturer of the year. BMS tallied 47 points, Jet Racing had 28, Razor Chassis 27, Chase Allen Motorsports 24 and Larry Shaw Race Cars 22 to round out the top five. Shaw paced the Western Region points. Razor shared top honors in the North Central Region with first-time titlist Skyrocket Chassis.BMS ruled for the sixth straight year in the Eastern Region. Jet won for the fourth time in the Central Region and Chase Allen Motorsports repeated in the South Central. All regional winners get plaques and BMS receives a $500 cash prize and trophy during the IMCA national awards banquet in Lincoln, Neb., on Nov. 29.Completing the scoring were Rage Chassis, 16; Victory Chassis, 13; Skyrocket, 11; Ninja Chassis by DeVilbiss 10; 1st Class Chassis and GRT Race Cars, both seven; Harris Auto Racing five; and Sidebiter Chassis, two. Other cup entries this year included Addiction Chassis, Advantage Chassis, B & B Racing Chassis, Dirt Works Race Cars, Jake Murray Race Cars, Medieval Chassis and MRT Race Cars. “We had great balance this year as six manufacturers won or shared regional titles. BMS continues to have a strong presence in multiple regions, which led to their fourth consecutive Manufacturers’ Cup crown,” noted IMCA Marketing Director Kevin Yoder. “I want to thank each manufacturer for participating and congratulate BMS on their fifth Cup in six years.” Zane DeVilbiss won Western Region and national titles in a Ninja. Johnny Saathoff piloted a Jet to first in the Central Region and Chris Abelson paced the North Central ranks with a Razor. Chris Fleming topped the Eastern Region with a Victory. “It’s great to win the Manufacturers’ Cup contest for the fifth time. It was a goal that all the guys in the shop worked very hard to achieve,” said BMS manager Brandon Blochlinger said, sharing the success with dealers Close Racing Supply, Jimmy Reeves Motorsports, Sebo Motorsports and KSI Racing Supply. “We’re working on some new things and look forward to the 2015 Manufacturers’ Cup contest.”